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浮雕到底是怎样的雕塑工艺呢?

来源:http://www.aswjc.com/ 发布人:aisaiwen 发布时间:2021-10-14

随着工艺技术的不断发展,浮雕的应用也越来越广泛,那么浮雕到底是怎样的雕塑工艺呢?浮雕与圆雕的区别又在哪里呢?我们一起来看下吧!
With the continuous development of technology, the application of relief is more and more widely. What kind of sculpture technology is relief? What is the difference between relief and round sculpture? Let's have a look!
浮雕作为雕塑的一种,可以在平面上雕刻出凹凸起伏的形象,也是介于圆雕和绘画之间的表现形式之一。浮雕的空间构造千变万化,可以是三维的立体形态,也可以平面形态,浮雕既可以依附于某种载体,又可以相对独立地存在。所以浮雕相对圆雕的突出特征就是经形体压缩处理后的二维或平面特性,这也是为了适合特定视点的观赏需要或装饰需要。
As a kind of sculpture, relief can carve concave convex images on the plane. It is also one of the forms between round sculpture and painting. The spatial structure of relief is ever-changing, which can be three-dimensional or plane. Relief can not only be attached to a certain carrier, but also exist relatively independently. Therefore, the prominent feature of relief relative to round sculpture is the two-dimensional or plane characteristics after shape compression, which is also to meet the viewing or decoration needs of specific viewpoints.
相对的平面性与立体性,是浮雕与圆雕的不同之处,浮雕是介于绘画所具有的二维虚拟空间,与圆雕的三维实体空间不同。在平面背景的依托下,限定了浮雕空间的自由,使圆雕的实体感减弱,而更多地采纳和利用绘画及透视学中的虚拟与错觉来达到表现目的。
The relative planarity and three-dimensional are the differences between relief and round sculpture. Relief is a two-dimensional virtual space between painting and three-dimensional solid space of round sculpture. Relying on the plane background, it limits the freedom of relief space, weakens the sense of entity of round sculpture, and adopts and uses more virtualization and illusion in painting and perspective to achieve the purpose of expression.
浮雕与圆雕相比,多按照绘画原则来处理空间和形体关系。但是有一点圆雕和浮雕是一致的,那就是在反映审美意象这一追求上,采用不同的手法形式,显示的是某种外表特征。
Compared with round sculpture, relief mostly deals with the relationship between space and form according to the principles of painting. However, there is one thing that round sculpture and relief are consistent, that is, in the pursuit of reflecting aesthetic image, different techniques and forms are adopted to show some appearance characteristics.
浮雕作为雕塑艺术的种类之一,它的审美效果不但诉诸视觉而且涉及触觉。与此同时,浮雕又能很好地发挥绘画艺术,不管是在构图、题材和空间处理等方面的优势,都能表现出圆雕所不能体现的对象,比如人物的背景与环境、故事情节、不同时空视角的自由切换、复杂多样事物等。
As one of the types of sculpture art, the aesthetic effect of relief not only appeals to vision, but also involves touch. At the same time, relief can give full play to the art of painting. No matter its advantages in composition, theme and space processing, it can show the objects that circular sculpture can not reflect, such as the background and environment of characters, story plot, free switching of different time and space perspectives, complex and diverse things, etc.
浮雕可以综合雕塑与绘画的技术优势,在平面上的雕琢与塑造,可以保持手法上的多样性和多样化。二维空间可以陪衬主体形象的背景刻画或虚拟,使浮雕壁画的塑造语言比圆雕更具有叙事性,同也具有雕塑的表现性。
Relief can integrate the technical advantages of sculpture and painting. Carving and shaping on the plane can maintain the diversity and diversity of techniques. The two-dimensional space can foil the background depiction or virtual of the main image, so that the shaping language of relief murals is more narrative than round sculpture, and also has the expressiveness of sculpture.
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