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浮雕壁画怎么制作?

来源:http://www.aswjc.com/ 发布人:aisaiwen 发布时间:2022-01-25

1、 浮雕的制作大致可分以下几个方面;材料分为粘土、油泥、木板、玻璃板、石膏粉、泥塑刀。 划线造型以木板或玻璃板为底,敷泥写生,视泥板如纸,以刀作笔划线矩形,力求轮廓准确,形象生动。
1. The production of relief can be roughly divided into the following aspects; The materials are divided into clay, oil mud, wood board, glass board, gypsum powder and clay knife. The scribing shape is based on wood or glass plate, covered with mud and sketched from life. The mud plate is like paper, and the rectangle is scribing with a knife as a pen, so as to strive for accurate outline and vivid image.
2、定位:首先根据装饰主体之需要确定浮雕的高低深度,室外和远观的装饰浮雕可高;近观与室内的装饰宜低。浮雕的高低标准称为“立位”,即浮雕形象边线垂直于底板的直光面,它是决定浮雕高低的标尺,也是决定浮雕造型轮廓形象的边线。立位确立则进入形象细部、结构的塑,从斜位、圆位来表达,斜位转折有力,圆位则过度柔和。浮雕的技法除定位技法外,还包括有:如笔触、刀痕、泥质、肌理以及雕塑的塑造技法等等。
2. Positioning: first, determine the height and depth of the relief according to the needs of the decorative body, and the outdoor and remote decorative relief can be higher; Close view and interior decoration should be low. The height standard of relief is called "standing position", that is, the edge line of relief image is perpendicular to the straight surface of the bottom plate. It is not only the ruler that determines the height of relief, but also the edge line that determines the outline image of relief shape. The establishment of standing position enters the shaping of image details and structure, which is expressed from oblique position and circular position. The oblique turning is powerful, while the circular position is excessively soft. In addition to the positioning techniques, the techniques of relief also include: such as brush strokes, knife marks, mud, texture, sculpture shaping techniques and so on.
山东浮雕雕塑厂家
3、以代:装饰浮雕不同于比例压缩浮雕,它恪守着浮雕面严整的平面感,这不仅是视觉欣赏的需要,而且是实用与建筑的要求,这要求激发了浮雕应用光阴来塑形象的技艺既要保持浮雕面的平整,又要达到形象立体感的效果,以代巧用光影就成为装饰浮雕的特殊技巧和装饰手法之一。
3. Instead: decorative relief is different from proportional compression relief. It scrupulously abides by the strict plane feeling of the relief surface, which is not only the need of visual appreciation, but also the requirement of practicality and architecture. This requires to stimulate the skill of using time to shape the image of relief. It should not only keep the relief surface flat, but also achieve the effect of three-dimensional image, Instead of skillfully using light and shadow, it has become one of the special skills and decorative techniques of decorative relief.
4、浮雕翻成,若愿加工上色,可直接以广告色喷涂,可成石质效果。还可做成金属效果,以清漆打底,再涂上油画颜色及金银粉则具金属之一质感,一件浮雕装饰品即成。
4. If you want to process and color the relief, you can directly spray it with advertising color to form a stone effect. It can also be made into a metal effect, with varnish as the base, and then coated with oil painting color and gold and silver powder, which has one of the metal textures. It is a relief decoration.
5、彩塑的创作设计,要求绘、通盘考虑,它不是简单的雕塑着色,而须示“色、塑并成”,俗称“三分塑,七分画”。为了便于绘画,在泥塑上大胆地省略了形体面的起伏,有时甚至多次对表面进行打磨抛光。彩绘与描画加强和丰富了雕塑形象的生动性与表现力。一些造形上的装饰品、道具,还可用其它材料制作。如冠、首饰、刀剑等,可以用木、铁、羽、布做成。这种在雕塑上应用各种材料塑造形象的合作方法,也是装饰雕塑的特点。
5. The creation and design of colored sculpture requires drawing and overall consideration. It is not a simple sculpture coloring, but must show the "combination of color and plastic", commonly known as "three plastic and seven painting". In order to facilitate painting, the ups and downs of the body surface are boldly omitted from the clay sculpture, and sometimes the surface is polished for many times. Color painting and painting strengthen and enrich the vividness and expressiveness of the sculpture image. Some ornaments and props in shape can also be made of other materials. Such as crown, jewelry, sword, etc., can be made of wood, iron, feather and cloth. This cooperative method of using various materials to shape the image in sculpture is also the characteristic of decorative sculpture.
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