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雕塑浮雕的含义与分类

来源:http://www.aswjc.com/ 发布人:aisaiwen 发布时间:2022-09-20

雕塑以其独特的艺术形式和三维空间结构,在装饰环境、点缀生活等方面发挥着不可替代的作用。你知道什么是雕塑吗?雕塑可以按照什么分类,可以分为哪些类型?今天,山东浮雕雕塑厂家会告诉你这一点。
Sculpture, with its unique artistic form and three-dimensional space structure, plays an irreplaceable role in decorating the environment and embellishing life. Do you know what sculpture is? What are the categories and types of sculpture? Today, Shandong relief sculpture manufacturers will tell you this.
1.雕塑是什么?
1. What is sculpture?
雕塑,又称雕刻,是雕、刻和塑造创作的总称。
Sculpture, also known as sculpture, is the general term for sculpture, carving and shaping creation.
指的是,使用各种塑料材料(如石膏、树脂、粘土等),或可雕刻的硬质材料(如木材、石头、金属、玉石、玛瑙、铝、玻璃纤维、砂岩、铜等),通过雕、刻、塑的创作模式,创造出一种具有一定空间的视觉、触觉的艺术形象,以此来更好地反映社会生活,表达艺术家的审美情感、审美感受、审美理想艺术。
It refers to the use of various plastic materials (such as gypsum, resin, clay, etc.) or hard materials that can be carved (such as wood, stone, metal, jade, agate, aluminum, glass fiber, sandstone, copper, etc.) to create an artistic image with a certain space of vision and touch through the creation mode of carving, carving, and molding, so as to better reflect social life and express the artist's aesthetic feelings, aesthetic feelings Aesthetic ideal art.
通过雕和刻的制作方式,减少了雕刻材料的使用;而塑的制作方式,则是增加了可塑造材料的使用,但它们都可以达到艺术创作的目的。换句话说,雕塑是一种造型艺术。
By carving and carving, the use of carving materials is reduced; The plastic production method increases the use of moldable materials, but they can achieve the purpose of artistic creation. In other words, sculpture is a kind of plastic arts.
2.雕塑的分类
2. Classification of sculpture
根据不同的分类方法,雕塑的分类有很多种。然而,雕塑的分类基本上是从雕塑的形式、材料、环境、功能四个方面加以区分。具体的分类方法和结果如下:
According to different classification methods, there are many types of sculpture. However, the classification of sculpture is basically from the form, material, environment and function of sculpture. The specific classification methods and results are as follows:
山东浮雕雕塑厂家
(1)根据雕塑的不同形式,雕塑可分为圆形雕塑、浮雕雕塑、透明雕塑,其中圆形雕刻,又称三维雕塑,是指对三维雕塑的非压缩、多向、多角度欣赏;
(1) According to the different forms of sculpture, sculpture can be divided into circular sculpture, relief sculpture and transparent sculpture. Among them, circular sculpture, also known as three-dimensional sculpture, refers to the uncompressed, multi-directional and multi angle appreciation of three-dimensional sculpture;
浮雕是雕塑与绘画相结合的产物,采用压缩处理对象,通过在平面或曲面上描绘自然物体的空间关系的方法来表达三维空间,只有一方或双方才能看到浮雕具有浅浮雕与高浮雕的区别;并通过雕刻在浮雕的基础上,将其背景部分掏空出来。
Relief is the product of the combination of sculpture and painting. It uses compressed objects to express three-dimensional space by depicting the spatial relationship of natural objects on a plane or surface. Only one or both sides can see the difference between low relief and high relief; The background is hollowed out on the basis of relief sculpture.
但值得注意的是,根据雕刻方法的不同,透明雕刻可分为单面雕刻、双面雕刻、凹形雕刻(又称空心雕刻)。在这两个群体之间不可能有所作为的范围内。
However, it is worth noting that according to different carving methods, transparent carving can be divided into single-sided carving, double-sided carving and concave carving (also known as hollow carving). It is impossible to make a difference between the two groups.
(2)根据不同的制作材料,雕塑可分为:玻璃纤维雕塑、不锈钢雕塑、铸铜雕塑、铸铜雕塑、石雕、水泥雕塑、砂岩雕塑、陶瓷雕塑、木雕、石膏雕塑、玉雕等。
(2) According to different materials, sculptures can be divided into: glass fiber sculpture, stainless steel sculpture, cast copper sculpture, cast copper sculpture, stone sculpture, cement sculpture, sandstone sculpture, ceramic sculpture, wood sculpture, gypsum sculpture, jade sculpture, etc.
(3)根据雕塑所处的不同环境,雕塑可以分为:城市雕塑、园林雕塑、室内雕塑、户外雕塑、校园雕塑、广场雕塑、公园雕塑、书桌雕塑、货架雕塑等等。其中,我们比较常见的雕塑是在城市的主要公园或园林里,以供大家游览观赏。
(3) Sculptures can be divided into: urban sculpture, garden sculpture, indoor sculpture, outdoor sculpture, campus sculpture, square sculpture, park sculpture, desk sculpture, shelf sculpture, etc. Among them, our common sculptures are in the main parks or gardens of the city for everyone to visit.
今天厂家就和您谈这么多,希望你能从中学到更多关于雕塑的知识。当然如果您对其有什么需求,也可以随时来我们网站http://www.aswjc.com进行咨询了解!
Today, the manufacturer has talked so much with you. I hope you can learn more about sculpture. Of course, if you have any needs, you can also come to our website at any time http://www.aswjc.com Ask about it!
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